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Prior to the 19th century, the lack of efficient carving tools, along with sufficient wealth and leisure time to devote to the craft, delayed the development of elaborately carved, freestanding poles.
Before iron and steel arrived in the area, Natives used tools made of stone, shells, or beaver teeth for carving.
In the 19th century, American and European trade and settlement initially led to the growth of totem pole carving, but United States and Canadian policies and practices of acculturation and assimilation caused a decline in the development of Alaska Native and First Nations cultures and their crafts, and sharply reduced totem pole production by the end of the century.Between 18, the maritime fur trade, mining, and fisheries gave rise to an accumulation of wealth among the coastal peoples.In the 1880s and 1890s, tourists, collectors, scientists and naturalist interested in native culture collected and photographed totem poles and other artifacts, many of which were put on display at expositions such as the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and the 1893 World's Columbia Exposition in Chicago, Illinois.Een gezonde lange haardos is een benijdenswaardig goed. Ben je vrij groot en houd je ervan om met je haar bezig te zijn? Ontdek hoe de sterren hun prachtige lange haar stylen.are monumental carvings, a type of Northwest Coast art, consisting of poles, posts or pillars, carved with symbols or figures.
Stylistic features of these poles were borrowed from earlier, smaller prototypes, or from the interior support posts of house beams.